Calculating the global burden of disease due to low fruit and vegetable intake

WHO Global Burden of Disease Study 1990

Comparative Risk Assessment, Global Burden of Disease study 2000

Risk factors included

General methods

Fruit and Vegetable intake

 Included intake surveys

Disease outcomes included

Counterfactual distribution

Global attributable mortality and DALY in year 2000 due to low fruit and vegetable intake

Attributable mortality (000) due to leading global risk factors (Ezzati et al 2002)

Attributable DALY (000) due to leading global risk factors (Ezzati et al 2002)

Burden of disease due to leading risk factors  in developed regions

Similar to previous estimates of the disease burden due to low fruit and vegetable intake

Key role of Nutrition in Global Burden of Disease

Implications for Policy